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The Ancient Greek City of Ephesus


In fact, is it worthy of going? Yes, why not? Let’s look first. Ephesus Archaic City or the ancient Greek city of Ephesus located in Izmir (Smyrna) city’s Selçuk district is one of the most important archaic settlements of the world. It is believed that the first settlement place of Ephesus Archaic City was the hill where the Selcuk Castle and Saint John Basilica stand today. We was thinking how about going not joining the tour and going there on our own means? We got curious and we muse see this. Anyway.

It is said that archaic Greeks invaded the region after the Trojan War in 12th and 11th centuries B.C. and founded an archaic city state known as Ephesus in here by mixing with the local crowd. Those guys made many things. The Ephesus we visit today, is the city that was carried from the hill where Selcuk castle still stands to its place in 3rd century B.C.

After getting moved, the city became both a door between east and west and an important harbor city. Of course the water means civilization. In Roman period, it was the capital of the Asian Province and one of the 4 big cities of the Emperor. In 4th century A.D. the harbor gets filled with alluviums carried by the Meander River and Manias Creek. The Emperor Hadrian makes it clean for couple of times but in vain.

The commerce in Ephesus drops down and Ephesus gets away from the sea. Gets away. It looks like cities can also move. Ephesus which was a center of science, art and culture in 6th century B.C. along with Miletus, was the home of Heraclitus. It is the famous philosopher Heraclitus. He was grown up in Izmir’s mountains. The dream reader Artemidoros, poets Callinos and Hipponax and grammar scientist Zenodotos.

As you can see, many famous people lived in this region. The Ephesus Archaic City contains 58 archaic structures in it. The most famous one, its library had 14,000 books at that time. The temple of Artemis is one of the 7 wonders of the world. The House of Virgin Mary is the church where it is believed that Virgin Mary spent her last days accompanied by Saint John. And today, it’s a pilgrimage place for Christians. Approximately 1.5 million tourists a year visit the Ephesus Archaic City.


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